has an interesting collection of animal and plant life. The
rice terraces are the most common sight in everyday Bali,
particularly in the heavily populated and extravagantly fertile
south. Balinese gardens are a delight. The soil and climate
in Bali can support a huge range of plants, and the Balinese
love of beauty, and the abundance of cheap labour, means that
every space can be landscaped. The style is generally informal,
with curved paths, a rich variety of plants and usually a
water feature. You can find almost every type of flower in
Bali, though some varieties, such as hydrangeas, are restricted
to the cooler mountain areas. Orchids are a special attraction,
and orchid fanciers should see the collection at the botanical
gardens near Bedugul. The temperate weather of the mountain
also allows pines to grow.
plants like teakwood grow in gorges. Gorges, which are very
numerous in Bali owing to the ash structure of the soil, are
favourite places for tropical trees such as Banyan tree (ficus
elastica), or Pule tree (alstonia scholarish), two of the
sacred trees of Bali. The latter is used in particular for
the making of the sacred mask. Other trees, such as the Pangge
Baya or the Ebony are getting rare as they are the favored
material for woodcarving.
Along the rivers grows bamboo, a multipurpose material. One
makes pipes, rope, baskets and even food from bamboo.
shores of Bali are abundant in animal and floral species.
The mangrove forest contains all sorts of big and small crabs,
shrimps and fishes. The coral reefs contain colorful fish
which have long been exported abroad. These fish, and crab,
are now disappearing, as has the giant turtle, which used
to come by the thousands onto Balinese shores. It is now prohibited
to sell and export its shell. On both straits that flank the
island, though, there still remain many dolphins.
is situated in the Asian zone of Indonesia, characterized
by big carnivore mammals, such as the tiger or smaller ones
such as black panthers or the leopard. The most famous one,
perhaps, was the Bali Tiger (Panthera tigris balica), the
most dangerous carnivore that lived in paradise. The last
one was shot in 1937. There are also big herbivores such as
and the wild buffalo. Bali's cattle consists of the tamed
wild-ox and the Banteng (Bos Sondaicus), the wild version
of which can still be found in the National Park.
species of birds particularly endangered is the Bali Starling,
of which less than fifty are surviving in their natural habitat.
Riversides also have a rich bird life where one can also find
Kepodang (Oriole), Kipasan (Fantail), and Kutilang (Pynocnotus),
some of which are good singers, who sometimes join the great
choir of crickets.